Smog a silent killer to agriculture & our communities in Pakistan.


Air pollution is making seismic changes in Pakistan’s climate. From October to November, silent killer-smog jolts with the burning of rice straw as well as transport sectors and industries are also making their contribution to damage the climate. It increases hazardous levels to land us in straits. Characteristically, Lahore and Faisalabad are top polluted lands. Smog is not only a silent killer for agriculture as well as for the Pakistani community. It decreases the rate of photosynthesis in plants. Plants start decolorization and damage. With the direct absorption in the bloodstream, it has also a significant role in organ failures of the Pakistani community. According to the World Bank at least 22000 people are dying because of air pollution.

 Smog’s devastating effects on plants

“Go Green” slogan is not an enduring solution for this rising problem. Because according to the report of the Food and Agriculture Organization transport sector, industrial pollution, gasoline, and paints are also causes of smoke. Ozone and peroxyacetyl are two chemicals that cause devastating effects on plants. It is called photochemical smog that reduces the rate of photosynthesis. Smog rises the Air Quality Index (AQI)  in two major and populated cities of Pakistan. 280 to 300 AQI is recorded in Lahore. Faisalabad has a worse condition with 440 AQI.

Air pollution causes holes in the atmosphere- ozone layer, So ultraviolet radiations lead to damages of plants. And reduce the rate of photosynthesis. It is more ardently required to install new techniques and technologies to prevent this alarming environmental damage. In addition, we need to create policies that protect humans’ and plants’ health from the changing environment.

Pakistan climate change advisor to the prime minister stated that air pollution is a “Silent Killer”. Carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides damage the plant silently. Ground-level ozone (made by nitrogen oxide and sunlight)  may kill agriculture as well as the human community.



Rikza Awan

Agriculture Specialist


Climate change policy to enhance yield:

Every country is formulating some preventive measures to control smog. In the United States of America a “burn day” is proclaimed by the government. On burn day residents can burn the waste of their yards and food crops. Pakistan’s climate policy is also like the world strategy to eliminate defects of smog. Pakistan provided happy seeders machines to  500 hundred rice farmers around Lahore.

Our organization strives to increase the yield of agriculture and to maintain the quality of food crops in the face of smog, a “silent killer”.


In the wrap of words, it is clear that smog is a silent killer for both plant and animal communities. It damages the human body to the core. And also destroys the plants. This problem is growing in two cities of Pakistan, Lahore, and Faisalabad. Smoke from vehicles, mill waste, and the burning of rice straw are the major causes of smog. Smog produces ozone on the surface of the earth that makes it difficult for plants and humans to breathe. Pakistan has adopted a policy of adopting modern equipment and methods, similar to the policies adopted to eradicate smog worldwide. And with these policies, we can secure a lot of food and lives.

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